Category Archives: Health and Fitness

Basic Nutrition Advice That Everyone Needs

Many people have a problem reaching goals they have in their diet and exercise program simply because they are not knowledgeable about basic nutrition. If you are trying to lose weight you should know that reaching your weight goal is simply a matter of burning more calories than you take in.

You should also be concerned with improvement in your overall health at the same time, which is why having good nutritional skills are so important. Poor nutrition can lead to higher risks for of a variety of health problems including heart disease and cancer. You need to eat a balance of healthy foods and watch your caloric intake at the same time. A proper diet reduces cholesterol, blood pressure, and aids in weight loss.

For optimal body function you must eat the right combination of nutrients. One of the most important of these, contrary to some popular diets, is carbohydrates. They are used to create glucose which can be used right away or stored to use later. An over abundance of carbohydrates will cause your body to store the extra glucose as fat. Carbohydrates are broken into two categories, simple and complex. Sugars fall into the simple category, while starches and fibers are complex carbohydrates.

Protein is another crucial nutrient for your body; they help your body build and repair muscle and other tissues. They also function in the creation of hormones. Do not fall into the trap of eating excessive amounts of protein, like carbohydrates, excess protein is stored as fat. The two main protein sources are animal and vegetable. You need to avoid a high consumption of animal protein because too much of it can cause high cholesterol due to the high levels of saturated fat.

Your body must also have a certain level of fat intake. Fats are classified in two categories, saturated and unsaturated. Saturated fat is the bad kind and puts you at risk of health problems. Unsaturated fat is healthier, but if it is refined, it can become saturated fat.

Vitamins of course are also on the list of required nutrients. All vitamins perform different jobs within the body and work with your body’s metabolism to increase energy levels. Many studies have proven that certain vitamins can also prevent disease such as vitamins A, C, and E, also called antioxidants, which assist with the prevention of coronary artery disease by helping to prevent plaque build up on artery walls.

Your body also needs minerals and trace elements which are used in many different body processes. Chlorine is essential for digestion, calcium and phosphorus are essential for strong bones and healthy teeth. Your body also needs salt, but not more than 2400 milligrams per day, as it can increase your blood pressure.

Make sure that you eat food as close to their natural state as possible and avoid excessive amounts of animal protein. Eat at least two cups of fruits and two cups of vegetables daily and drink a gallon of water spread out over your day.

Sports Nutrition And Carbohydrates

Athletes from all areas of sports want to get the right nutrition because this can give you the winning edge. When your body gets what it needs it can deliver the performance that you need. You can make the most of your sports talent by getting the most out of your sports nutrition. What sports nutrition you will require will depend on our age, size, physical condition and what sports you are involved with.

There are however basics to sports nutrition that everyone can follow.

Water is the most important factor in sports nutrition. Your body is around 60% water and requires water for almost every bodily function. Water cannot be stored or made by your body therefore it must constantly be replaced. While training it is especially important to keep water levels topped up and you should try to match the amount you drink with the amount you sweat.

Getting sports nutrition right means getting your fuel intake right. Good sports nutrition requires that all the food groups be consumed in the right quantities for you.

When it comes to sports nutrition carbohydrates are the most important fuel source. Fruit, vegetables, pasta, bread, cereals and rice all contain carbohydrates. The carbohydrates contain sugar and starches which you body converts to glucose, an available instant energy burst. The glucose can be stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen that will give you endurance and power for high-intensity, short bursts of activity.

Your performance level will drop when your body runs out of carbohydrate fuel and has to turn to protein and fat for energy. This is because your body has to work harder to get the fuel out of protein and fat.

Having a carbohydrate strategy as part of your sports nutrition can enable you to control the level of your performance as can ensuring that you have the correct vitamins and minerals built up in adequate level before competition.

Take advice from you doctor and coach as to when to boost your carbohydrate intake prior to competing as they are useful resources when it comes to finding out about sports nutrition.

General sports nutrition can be based on a well balance diet. The added incentive of achieving a good performance can sway you against the temptation of crisps, chocolate, alcohol and fried foods such as chips. Sports nutrition from an early age can start a health eating regime for the rest of your life, keeping you fit and healthy.

The Role Of Diet In Health, Nutrition And Fitness

During pregnancy the mother must increase energy intake. During lactation, energy intake is also increased. A steady balanced diet is essential, in the right quantities, throughout life, to maintain healthy growth and development. The first part of this two part article looks at the background to nutrition and the digestive process. Part two will conclude with the role of diet from pre-conception to old age.

Even before pregnancy, diet plays an essential role in preparing the female body for a normal and healthy birth. Vitamin D deficiency could cause pelvic deformation, where normal delivery of child would be difficult. Vitamin B12 deficiency could cause infertility and a history of dieting would deplete any nutrient reserves in the body, giving rise to infertility and reduction of nutrients for the foetus.
A diet consists of nutrients. Nutrients are classed as macro, required in large quantities and micro, required in small quantities. Macro nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins and lipids (fats). Micro nutrients include vitamins and minerals. Another product essential for a diet is water. Water is required in large quantities to aid metabolism, which occurs in an aqueous environment.
Bread, cereals and potatoes contain carbohydrates, non-starch polysaccharides (nsp), water, vitamins and minerals.

It is important to have an appropriate amount in the diet for the following reasons:
Carbohydrates provide energy, which is essential for all metabolic processes within the body, including mechanical movement, respiration, growth, repair, cell metabolism, DNA replication, vision, transport within the body and maintaining homeostasis (constant internal body equilibrium such as constant blood pressure, body temperature, breathing rate, pulse rate).
Glucose (broken down from carbohydrates) is also required for brain cells and the central nervous system.

NSP’s (fibre) are particularly important in a diet because they act as roughage or bulk. The nsp’s are not digestible and therefore pass straight through the digestive system. However, because of the increase in the bulk of food, it passes through the system more quickly than if nsp’s were not digested. NSP’s ensure food is not left in contact with the gut lining for prolonged periods of time, which could have serious health effects, including cancer.
Meat, fish, pulses contain protein, water, minerals and vitamins, nsp’s (in pulses) and lipids.

Proteins exist in two states, fibrous and globular.
Fibrous proteins have a structural role, eg tendons, ligaments, hair, growth and structure. Globular proteins function as enzymes which allows cell metabolism to occur, help in our immune system by producing antibodies to fight diseases and aid transport, both intra and extra cellular. They also work as hormones, and for growth and repair of body tissues and in blood clotting. Too much protein in our diet is removed as waste material; too little protein in our diet could result in muscle wasting and such diseases as marasmus and kwashiorkor.
Protein constitutes 12-18% of the body’s mass.

Milk and dairy products contain protein, lipids, water, vitamins and minerals.
Fat and sugar contain carbohydrates, water, lipids, minerals and vitamins.
Lipids are broken down into glycerol (a further source of glucose) and fatty acid, including essential fatty acids.

The essential fatty acids are components of the body’s cells, especially in the formation of cell membranes. Lack of fatty acids can affect blood pressure, blood clotting and homeostasis. Excess fat, however, can be stored in the body in adipose tissues and possibly result in obesity and related health problems. Although, much obesity is the result of certain gene deficiency, which will be discussed in more detail in a further article.

Pregnancy Nutrition Guide

Eating for two doesn’t mean eating twice as much! A good diet during pregnancy is not just better for you but better for your unborn baby. Making the right food choices for your baby’s well-being and development as well as your own is all part of a fit and healthy pregnancy.This is a time when it’s more important than ever to make the right choices, eating a range of healthy, nutritious foods. Opt for whole, fresh foods and as much variety as possible. Cut back on refined and processed foods, sugary snacks and big fat fry ups and do yourself and your baby a favour by eating lots of fresh fruit and veg, fresh meat and fish, wholegrain bread and vitamin and mineral packed grains, seeds and pulses.

Healthy eating during pregnancy doesn’t need to be complicated, here are some easy for an easy to follow guidelines for your pregnancy nutrition!

1. Every meal should include a portion of energy giving carbs. Bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, chapattis, breakfast cereals or yams all provide energy for you, and for your baby. Opt for wholemeal, wholegrain or high fibre versions whenever possible.

2. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. Aiming for ‘five a day’ is even more important for a healthy pregnancy. Make sure you include a wide variety and go for ‘the rainbow’ – choosing different increases the range of vitamins and minerals. Fresh, frozen, canned, dried and juiced into delicious drinks and smoothies all counts.

3. Don’t miss out on protein -aim for 2 moderate portions each day. Include lean meat, chicken, fish, eggs, beans and nuts. These foods are also great sources of iron.

4. Don’t skip breakfast. Breakfast provides a vital boost to energy and nutrient levels, so make sure you get every day off to a great start for you and your baby.

5. Eat plenty of dairy foods such as milk, cheese and yoghurts. Dairy foods are a major source of calcium, important for the mother’s and baby’s teeth and bones. Choose low fat varieties when you can.

6. Make snacks nutritious. Too many indulgent snacks will pile on the pounds but you may find snacking helps ward off nausea in the first trimester. Healthier snack choices include: fresh or dried fruit; low-fat yoghurts or milk drinks; bread sticks, vegetable sticks and dips; breakfast cereals; fruit smoothies or maybe a slice of malt loaf. Check out our energy boosting snacks that will help you to maintain a normal pregnancy weight gain.

7. Aim for two portions of fish each week, including at least one portion of oily fish such as salmon, trout, sardines or pilchards. These are so important for your baby’s healthy brain development.

8. Get active and try to maintain a healthy weight. The average pregnancy weight gain is 10-12 kilograms or 22-28lbs. Gaining too much weight is not good for your health and blood pressure. Being active not only helps to moderate weight gain, but also prepares the body for birth.

9. Drink plenty of water and other fluids. You dehydrate more quickly than normal when you’re pregnant – drinking plenty of water and other fluids is important, especially when exercising or if the weather is hot. 10. Don’t be tempted into eating for two. You don’t actually need extra calories during pregnancy until the third trimester when the baby grows rapidly and even then your need for extra calories does not increase by a great deal, only 200-300 calories a day equivalent to a single sandwich (without the mayo!), or a small jacket potato with 30g of cheese.

Pumpkin Seeds Nutrition

Benefits of Pumpkin Seeds Nutrition
The Cucurbita maxima is a botanical name of pumpkins. Pumpkin Seeds Nutrition benefits make this vegetable significant to the diet. They increase in all shapes, colors & sizes. Pumpkins have received a

subcategory of the own when utilizing them traditionally for Thanksgiving & Halloween. Carving these Halloween pumpkins can be amusing make sure to put aside the seeds for growing in the spring seasons.

The Cucurbita family has many relatives that include cucumber, squash & baby marrow.
Pumpkin seeds Nutritional advantages
Pumpkins provide excellent nourishment especially Pumpkin Seeds Nutrition which contains necessary fatty acids, vitamin B proteins, & zinc. The actual fleshy tissue of the pumpkin includes Vitamin A & C,

Calcium, Thiamine, and Phosphorous & Potassium. Pumpkin keeps the whole body healthy through building your immunity. Consumption of pumpkins helps to stay the skin & eyes healthy, and there is much

dietary fiber in the Pumpkin seeds.
Tips on Harvesting & Cooking Pumpkin
The loveliness of Pumpkin is which you can store that over a long era of time. Pumpkins increase their beautiful tendrils while they grow, which stand edible leaves & flowers & finally succulent fruit that can be

utilized in many techniques. You can take pumpkin leaves & flowers & add to them onto a salad, or else cook them as spinach. Pumpkin could be baked, roasted, fried & boiled or else eaten raw or else made

like soups, breads & fritter. Ice cream of Pumpkin & pumpkin jam are delicious treats. Uncooked pumpkin seeds are more nutritional one than roasted ones. Dry pumpkin seeds are too great to nibble while

hungry. Pumpkin seeds could also be mixed along with sunflower seeds, dried fruit, nuts & sesame are a beneficial fit snack.
Pumpkin leaf & flower recipe
Cut up one onion.
Wash the leaves & flowers with chill water.
Harvest young leaves & flowers as of the pumpkin vine.
Narrow piece the leaves of backs.
Serve with coups rice or else with fresh bread.
Fry the onion flippantly.
Add the cut flowers & remove as of the heat.
Sprinkle along with soy sauce, pepper & salt.
Add the leaves & fry till tender.

How to improve Pumpkins
The pumpkins rip shaped seeds are grown in a heap in the garden.
Adjoin lots of dung to the mound.
4 to 6 pumpkin seeds could be planted in every mound.
Allow three-four meters amid the mounds.
This pumpkin trails & spreads itself away.
Pumpkins make an extremely good ground wrap.
You can utilize a trellis to cultivate pumpkins in a city environment.

What to cultivate in the Garden with Pumpkins
The Pumpkins will take pleasure in the group of Nasturtiums, Radish, and Mint & Beans.
Pumpkins love to develop beneath corn. Potato is not good as fellow near for Pumpkin. The
Pumpkin Seeds Nutrition Benefits are more important than their awkwardness & heaviness so do not be shy to utilize it in the place of cooking.

Thanks Goodness Dog Nutrition Is Not Always So Confusing

A new puppy in a new home will be wanting lots of affection from you, his new owner, and will be worrying where his next meal is coming from. Dog nutrition is an important issue for pets and their owners. A healthy eating programme at the puppy stage of a dog’s life is the springboard to strong bones and muscles to help him grow into a strong adult dog.

Nutrition in the form of a pet diet for a new puppy helps to avoid unwanted health issues later on in life. A puppy food product that has ingredients and quality proteins, the right carbohydrates, plenty of minerals and vitamins, lowers the worry for pet owners who want the best for their pet.

At Hill’s Pet UK we are proud of our range of puppy, adult and dog food, each one catering for essential health requirements, according to the size and breed of dog. While loving you for his yummy dog food your pet will also crave for your attention, but more than that he will be craving for that special bond between owner and pet.

Sometimes dog owners tend to confuse their pet with their commands and actions. If you have a problem with your dog jumping up at you when you come home from work, or if you are sat down and having ignored him for a while, he jumps up on to your lap, that is him seeking attention.

When your pet jumps over you and you command him to �get down’ and he does not respond, your next action, is you decide to remove his paws off your lap, pop him on to the ground, pat him on the head, at the same time saying �good boy’. The result is your dog thinks you are telling him he is a good boy for jumping up on your lap and he can do it again, see it from his point of view.